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  • Television is a telecommunication system for broadcasting moving image pictures and sound
  • Television channels each have their own broadcasting schedules and usually have their own news programmes
  • Many people have a television in their home as a source of entertainment and information
  • Most television channels provide entertainment programmes and national news but some channels are specialist channels that show material on their specialist subject
  • The '9pm watershed' means that material that is unsuitable for children, such as swearing, sexuality and violence, are not allowed to be shown before 9pm as children may be watching


  • The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is publicly funded and produces programmes and information services
  • It is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world
  • The BBC provides local and national news, documentaries, arts, drama, entertainment, live music and children's programmes
  • The BBC also runs social action, education and minority language programmes
  • The BBC channels are:
    • BBC One (& BBC One HD)
    • BBC Two (& BBC Two HD)
    • BBC Three (& BBC Three HD)
    • BBC Four (& BBS Four HD)
    • CBBC (& CBBC HD)
    • CBeebies (& CBeebies HD)
    • BBC News (& BBC News HD)
    • BBC Parliament
    • Interactive TV
  • There are also regional BBC channels, which are variations of the national channels, such as BBC Wales
  • BBC Wales runs most of the same programmes as the BBC but, for example, it schedules 'Wales Today' - the Welsh national news, after the British evening news
  • Channel 4 is an independent television channel that has a Welsh version called S4C
  • BBC Wales and S4C produce many of their own programmes, some of which are in Welsh, such as 'Pobl Y Cwm' (People of the Valleys) and Rownd a Rownd (Round and Round)


  • TV licences cost about £10 every month
  • The BBC uses the public's TV licenses to fund its channels
  • The TV license means that, unlike other television corporations, the BBC has no adverts, shareholders or political interests


  • Most television channels are funded by companies who advertise their product(s) in the channel's commercial breaks
  • The BBC does not have any commercial breaks because it is publicly funded

Digital television

  • Digital television is an improved system to the old analogue system, which allows broadcasters to deliver more channels and programmes, more functions and a better quality of picture and sound
  • Digital television is delivered through Pay TV such as Sky, BT and Virgin Media and Free to Air TV such as Freeview and Freesat

Sky Television

  • Sky television is a digital satellite subscription service
  • It contains different categories of entertainment and information, such as Sky Sports, Sky News and Sky Movies, which have hundreds of different channels
  • To install sky, you need a mini satellite dish and a skybox

Health risks

  • Doctors say that watching too much television increases risks of obesity and diabetes because you are inactive. If you watch a lot of television, make sure you also exercise regularly in your free time

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